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City, University of London

London , England ,United Kingdom

International Energy Law and Regulation LLM

The International Energy Law and Regulation specialist LLM is one of very few LLMs in the UK and elsewhere which provide you with an in-depth and comprehensive study of energy law and regulation. Other than coverage of widely discussed sources of energy, such as oil and gas, the course also addresses issues around the renewable and low carbon sector. The modules on offer will touch on the practical aspects of energy contracts, the regulation of the energy sector, the geo-political issues arising from the exploitation of energy and the resolution of international energy disputes.

You will have an opportunity to study how international public and private law intersect to ensure that energy resources are lawfully protected, exploited and traded. Equally crucially is an exploration of how the law provides for the sustainable development of energy resources, globally and nationally. From a commercial standpoint, you will be introduced to various energy related contractual arrangements including licensing, exploration, production sharing, financing, transportation and refinery activities. For students who are interested in the dynamics of international litigation and dispute resolution in this highly sensitive sector of the industry, you may choose also to study international rules relating to jurisdiction, choice of law and arbitration, including the developing system under the Energy Charter Treaty. Some students may find competition law to be a good complementary module for the diet - the energy sector is subject to competition law in many jurisdictions.


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  • Jan

Application Processing Time in Days: 20

Minimum English Language Requirements

English Level Description IELTS (1.0 -9.0) TOEFL IBT (0-120) TOEFL CBT (0-300) PTE (10-90)
Expert 9 120 297-300 86-90
Very Good 8.5 115-119 280-293 83-86
Very Good 8 110-114 270-280 79-83
Good 7.5 102-109 253-267 73-79
Good 7 94-101 240-253 65-73
Competent 6.5 79-93 213-233 58-65
Competent 6 60-78 170-210 50-58
Modest 5.5 46-59 133-210 43-50
Modest 5 35-45 107-133 36-43
Limited 4 32-34 97-103 30-36
Extremely Limited < 4 < 31 < 93 < 30